It has been shown that excessively high or low temperatures, relative to the usual weather in an area, have direct effects on the health of a population. Periods of raised temperatures favour heat-related diseases (heat exhaustion, heat stroke…), although most health problems accounted for during periods of excessive heat are due to a worsening of existing diseases, basically cardiovascular and respiratory.
A heat wave is a period of intense heat, often accompanied by high humidity, that affects a wide geographic area and stays for several consecutive days. To cope with an increase in temperatures, it is necessary to take precautionary measures to protect our health, in particular by targeting the two groups at most risk: children under the age of 5 and people over 65 and pregnant women.
As in previous years, the Valencian Health Authority has launched its Heat Wave prevention campaign, which will last from June 15 to September 30.
You are now provided several pieces of advice for effectively dealing with high temperatures:
1. Drink plenty of water and non-alcoholic, caffeine-free beverages
2. Eat plenty of fruit
3. Dress in lightweight, light-coloured clothing
4. Don’t forget to use sun protection
5. Avoid physical activities during periods of high temperatures
6. Ensure that children and elderly people drink liquids, especially if they are on their own or ill